Different 4.0 industrial fabrication technologies have been identified and applied in combination with available local renewable resources to examine the maximum architectural evolution in reflection to that approach.
In that context, diverse fabrication technologies have been examined and applied in different industrial projects applying different types and physical forms of annually renewable biomass and natural fibres. This included plastic manufacturing technologies like extrusion and thermoforming, as well as diverse additive manufacturing technologies including 3D printing and tailoring, as well as preforming techniques. Further composite fabrication and natural fibre alignment techniques were applied, including but not limited to pultrusion and winding. Further techniques such as lamination technologies as well as subtractive processing for timber and biocomposites were also applied including CNC and robotic milling, laser-cutting, and further diverse processes. Investigating all those technologies in combination with local resources enabled reaching numerous innovative architectural solutions.